Open Access

Joint Estimation of Mutual Coupling, Element Factor, and Phase Center in Antenna Arrays

  • Marc Mowlér1Email author,
  • Björn Lindmark1,
  • Erik G. Larsson1, 2 and
  • Björn Ottersten1
EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking20072007:030684

DOI: 10.1155/2007/30684

Received: 17 November 2006

Accepted: 1 August 2007

Published: 9 October 2007

Abstract

A novel method is proposed for estimation of the mutual coupling matrix of an antenna array. The method extends previous work by incorporating an unknown phase center and the element factor (antenna radiation pattern) in the model, and treating them as nuisance parameters during the estimation of coupling. To facilitate this, a parametrization of the element factor based on a truncated Fourier series is proposed. The performance of the proposed estimator is illustrated and compared to other methods using data from simulations and measurements, respectively. The Cramér-Rao bound (CRB) for the estimation problem is derived and used to analyze how the required amount of measurement data increases when introducing additional degrees of freedom in the element factor model. We find that the penalty in SNR is 2.5 dB when introducing a model with two degrees of freedom relative to having zero degrees of freedom. Finally, the tradeoff between the number of degrees of freedom and the accuracy of the estimate is studied. A linear array is treated in more detail and the analysis provides a specific design tradeoff.

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Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
ACCESS Linnaeus Center, School of Electrical Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH)
(2)
Department of Electrical Engineering (ISY), Linköping University

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Copyright

© Marc Mowlér et al. 2007

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.