Open Access

Rain-Induced Bistatic Scattering at 60 GHz

  • Henry T. vander Zanden1, 2Email author,
  • Robert J. Watson2 and
  • Matti H. A. J. Herben1
EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking20072007:053203

DOI: 10.1155/2007/53203

Received: 27 June 2006

Accepted: 15 January 2007

Published: 22 March 2007

Abstract

This paper presents the results of a study into the modeling and prediction of rain-induced bistatic scattering at 60 GHz. The bistatic radar equation together with Mie theory is applied as the basis for calculating the scattering. Together with the attenuation induced by the medium before and after scattering, the received scattered power can be calculated at a given path geometry and known orientations of transmit and receive antennas. The model results are validated by comparison with published measurements. Finally, recommendations are made for future deployments of 60 GHz infrastructure.

[12345678910111213]

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Department of Electrical Engineering, Eindhoven University of Technology
(2)
Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University of Bath

References

  1. Ishimaru A: Wave Propagation and Scattering in Random Media. IEEE Press and Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA; 1997.MATHGoogle Scholar
  2. Kerker M: The Scattering of Light and Other Electromagnetic Radiation. Academic Press, London, UK; 1969.Google Scholar
  3. Crane RK: Bistatic scatter from rain. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 1974,22(2):312-320. 10.1109/TAP.1974.1140766View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  4. Gloaguen C, Lavergnat L: 94 GHz bistatic scattering in rain. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 1996,44(9):1247-1258. 10.1109/8.535383View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  5. Swindell RM, Fraser DJ: Improving spectrum utilisation at 58-66GHz through an accurate assessment of rain scatter interference phase 1 report. QinetiQ/03/00084, 2003, unpublished.Google Scholar
  6. Swindell RM, Fraser DJ, Watson RJ: Improving spectrum utilization at 58-66 GHz through an accurate assessment of rain scatter interference phase 2 report. AY4487, QinetiQ, 2004, unpublished.Google Scholar
  7. Oguchi T: Electromagnetic wave propagation and scattering in rain and other hydrometers. Proceedings of the IEEE 1983,71(9):1029-1078.View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  8. van de Hulst HC: Light Scattering by Small Particles. Dover, New York, NY, USA; 1981.Google Scholar
  9. Liebe HJ: MPM—an atmospheric millimeter-wave propagation model. International Journal of Infrared and Millimeter Waves 1989,10(6):631-650. 10.1007/BF01009565View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  10. Valdez AC: Analysis of atmospheric effects due to atmospheric oxygen on a wideband digital signal in the 60 GHz band, M.S. thesis. Department of Electrical Engineering, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Va, USA; 2001.Google Scholar
  11. Brussaard G, Watson PA: Atmospheric Modelling and Millimetre Wave Propagation. Chapman & Hall, London, UK; 1995.Google Scholar
  12. Specific Attenuation Model for Rain for Use in Prediction Methods ITU-R, Recommendation P.838-2, 2003.Google Scholar
  13. Laven P: MiePlot a computer program for scattering of light from a sphere using Mie theory & the Debye series. 2006.http://www.philiplaven.com/mieplot.htmGoogle Scholar

Copyright

© Henry T. van der Zanden et al. 2007

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.