Distributed Temporal Multiple Description Coding for Robust Video Transmission
© Olivier Crave et al. 2008
Received: 22 March 2007
Accepted: 6 June 2007
Published: 2 July 2007
The problem of multimedia communications over best-effort networks is addressed here with multiple description coding (MDC) in a distributed framework. In this paper, we first compare four video MDC schemes based on different time splitting patterns and temporal two- or three-band motion-compensated temporal filtering (MCTF). Then, the latter schemes are extended with systematic lossy description coding where the original sequence is separated into two subsequences, one being coded as in the latter schemes, and the other being coded with a Wyner-Ziv (WZ) encoder. This amounts to having a systematic lossy Wyner-Ziv coding of every other frame of each description. This error control approach can be used as an alternative to automatic repeat request (ARQ) or forward error correction (FEC), that is, the additional bitstream can be systematically sent to the decoder or can be requested, as in ARQ. When used as an FEC mechanism, the amount of redundancy is mostly controlled by the quantization of the Wyner-Ziv data. In this context, this approach leads to satisfactory rate-distortion performance at the side decoders, however it suffers from high redundancy which penalizes the central description. To cope with this problem, the approach is then extended to the use of MCTF for the Wyner-Ziv frames, in which case only the low-frequency subbands are WZ-coded and sent in the descriptions.
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