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  • Research Article
  • Open Access

How Equalization Techniques Affect the TCP Performance of MC-CDMA Systems in Correlated Fading Channels

  • 1Email author,
  • 1,
  • 2,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1 and
  • 1
EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking20072008:286351

  • Received: 30 April 2007
  • Accepted: 2 November 2007
  • Published:


This paper investigates the impact of several equalization techniques for multicarrier code division multiple access systems on the performance at both lower and upper layers (i.e., physical and TCP layers). Classical techniques such as maximal ratio combining, equal gain combining, orthogonality restoring combining, minimum mean square error, as well as a partial equalization (PE) are investigated in time- and frequency-correlated fading channels with various numbers of interferers. Their impact on the performance at upper level is then studied. The results are obtained through an integrated simulation platform carefully reproducing all main aspects affecting the quality of service perceived by the final user, allowing an investigation of the real gain produced by signal processing techniques at TCP level.


  • Fading Channel
  • Code Division Multiple Access
  • Access System
  • Equalization Technique
  • Signal Processing Technique

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Authors’ Affiliations

WiLab, University of Bologna, Viale Risorgimento 2, Bologna, 40136, Italy
ENDIF, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, 44100, Italy


© Barbara M. Masini et al. 2008

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.