Skip to main content


  • Research Article
  • Open Access

Bit Loading Algorithms for Cooperative OFDM Systems

EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking20072008:476797

  • Received: 18 May 2007
  • Accepted: 25 September 2007
  • Published:


We investigate the resource allocation problem for an OFDM cooperative network with a single source-destination pair and multiple relays. Assuming knowledge of the instantaneous channel gains for all links in the entire network, we propose several bit and power allocation schemes aiming at minimizing the total transmission power under a target rate constraint. First, an optimal and efficient bit loading algorithm is proposed when the relay node uses the same subchannel to relay the information transmitted by the source node. To further improve the performance gain, subchannel permutation, in which the subchannels are reallocated at relay nodes, is considered. An optimal subchannel permutation algorithm is first proposed and then an efficient suboptimal algorithm is considered to achieve a better complexity-performance tradeoff. A distributed bit loading algorithm is also proposed for ad hoc networks. Simulation results show that significant performance gains can be achieved by the proposed bit loading algorithms, especially when subchannel permutation is employed.


  • Power Allocation
  • Relay Node
  • Resource Allocation Problem
  • OFDM System
  • Power Allocation Scheme

Publisher note

To access the full article, please see PDF

Authors’ Affiliations

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, USA


© B. Gui and L. J. Cimini Jr.. 2008

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.