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Botnet: Classification, Attacks, Detection, Tracing, and Preventive Measures

Abstract

Botnets become widespread in wired and wireless networks, whereas the relevant research is still in the initial stage. In this paper, a survey of botnets is provided. We first discuss fundamental concepts of botnets, including formation and exploitation, lifecycle, and two major kinds of topologies. Several related attacks, detection, tracing, and countermeasures, are then introduced, followed by recent research work and possible future challenges.

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Correspondence to Yang Xiao.

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Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0 ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Liu, J., Xiao, Y., Ghaboosi, K. et al. Botnet: Classification, Attacks, Detection, Tracing, and Preventive Measures. J Wireless Com Network 2009, 692654 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1155/2009/692654

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Keywords

  • Information System
  • Research Work
  • Wireless Network
  • Preventive Measure
  • System Application