Botnet: Classification, Attacks, Detection, Tracing, and Preventive Measures
© Jing Liu et al. 2009
Received: 25 December 2008
Accepted: 19 July 2009
Published: 13 September 2009
Botnets become widespread in wired and wireless networks, whereas the relevant research is still in the initial stage. In this paper, a survey of botnets is provided. We first discuss fundamental concepts of botnets, including formation and exploitation, lifecycle, and two major kinds of topologies. Several related attacks, detection, tracing, and countermeasures, are then introduced, followed by recent research work and possible future challenges.
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