Open Access

Distributed and Location-Based Multicast Routing Algorithms for Wireless Sensor Networks

EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking20102009:697373

Received: 30 July 2009

Accepted: 19 October 2009

Published: 3 February 2010


Multicast routing protocols in wireless sensor networks are required for sending the same message to multiple different destinations. In this paper, we propose two different distributed algorithms for multicast routing in wireless sensor networks which make use of location information of sensor nodes. Our first algorithm groups the destination nodes according to their angular positions and forwards the multicast message toward each group in order to reduce the number of total branches in multicast tree which also reduces the number of messages transmitted. Our second algorithm calculates an Euclidean minimum spanning tree at the source node by using the positions of the destination nodes. The multicast message is forwarded to destination nodes according to the calculated MST. This helps in reducing the total energy consumed for delivering the message to all destinations by decreasing the number of total transmissions. Evaluation results show that the algorithms we propose are scalable and energy efficient, so they are good candidates to be used for multicasting in wireless sensor networks.

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Authors’ Affiliations

Department of Computer Engineering, Bilkent University


© H. Bagci and I. Korpeoglu. 2009

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.