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Table 3 Throughput increase as function of active user density.

From: OFDMA Cellular Networks with Opportunistic Two-Hop Relays

Active users/km2 Average throughput gain Active users connections relayed Idle users performing relay
8 52% 47.69% 2.23%
10 44% 46.6% 2.91%
12 49% 48.11% 3.25%
14 49.5% 47.93% 3.82%
16 45.5% 47.56% 4.37%