Spreading Code Assignment Strategies for MIMO-CDMA Systems Operating in Frequency-Selective Channels
© C. D’Amours and A. O. Dahmane. 2009
Received: 13 August 2009
Accepted: 25 December 2009
Published: 11 March 2010
Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) and multiple input multiple output- (MIMO-) CDMA systems suffer from multiple access interference (MAI) which limits the spectral efficiency of these systems. By making these systems more power efficient, we can increase the overall spectral efficiency. This can be achieved through the use of improved modulation and coding techniques. Conventional MIMO-CDMA systems use fixed spreading code assignments. By strategically selecting the spreading codes as a function of the data to be transmitted, we can achieve coding gain and introduce additional degrees of freedom in the decision variables at the output of the matched filters. In this paper, we examine the bit error rate performance of parity bit-selected spreading and permutation spreading under different wireless channel conditions. A suboptimal detection technique based on maximum likelihood detection is proposed for these systems operating in frequency selective channels. Simulation results demonstrate that these code assignment techniques provide an improvement in performance in terms of bit error rate (BER) while providing increased spectral efficiency compared to the conventional system. Moreover, the proposed strategies are more robust to channel estimation errors as well as spatial correlation.
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