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Table 1 Comparison between different classes.

From: An ICMP-Based Mobility Management Approach Suitable for Protocol Deployment Limitation

  Binding information maintained at
  HA MN CN *Near CN Misc
Triangular route High High Low Low Low
Supports only micromobility No Yes No No No
Modification at CN No No Yes No Yes
Modification at MN Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Modification at router FA FA FA Few No
Handoff delay High Low High Medium High
Packet loss without fast handoff High Low High Medium High
Fast handoff support Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Signaling cost High Low High Medium High
  1. *MRT approach belongs to this class.