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  • Research Article
  • Open Access

Size-Based and Direction-Based TCP Fairness Issues in IEEE 802.11 WLANs

EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking20102010:818190

  • Received: 14 January 2010
  • Accepted: 20 July 2010
  • Published:


Cross-layer interaction of Distributed Coordination Function (DCF) of 802.11 MAC protocol and TCP transport protocol leads to two types of unfairness. In a mixed traffic scenario, short-lived TCP flows suffer from poor performance compared to the aggressive long-lived flows. Since the main source of Internet traffic is small file web transfers, this issue forms a major challenge in current WLANs which is called size-based unfairness. In addition, when sharing an access point bottleneck queue, upstream flows impede the performance of downstream flows resulting in direction-based unfairness. Proposed solutions in the literature mostly rely on size-based scheduling policies. However, each proposed method is able to solve any of these two mentioned aspects, none of them can provide both size-based and direction-based fairness in a unique solution. In this paper, we propose a novel queue management policy called Threshold-Based Least Attained Service-Selective Acknowledgment Filtering (TLAS-SAF). We show analytically and by simulation that TLAS-SAF is capable of providing both direction-based and size-based fairness and can be taken into account as a unique solution to be applied at access point buffers.


  • Distribute Coordination Function
  • Queue Management
  • Mixed Traffic
  • Point Buffer
  • Bottleneck Queue

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Authors’ Affiliations

Department of Informatics, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1080, Blindern, N-0314 Oslo, Norway
Department of Communication Technology and Network, Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, D.E 43400, Malaysia


© Naeem Khademi and Mohamed Othman. 2010

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.