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SET: Session Layer-Assisted Efficient TCP Management Architecture for 6LoWPAN with Multiple Gateways


6LoWPAN (IPv6 based Low-Power Personal Area Network) is a protocol specification that facilitates communication of IPv6 packets on top of IEEE 802.15.4 so that Internet and wireless sensor networks can be inter-connected. This interconnection is especially required in commercial and enterprise applications of sensor networks where reliable and timely data transfers such as multiple code updates are needed from Internet nodes to sensor nodes. For this type of inbound traffic which is mostly bulk, TCP as transport layer protocol is essential, resulting in end-to-end TCP session through a default gateway. In this scenario, a single gateway tends to become the bottleneck because of non-uniform connectivity to all the sensor nodes besides being vulnerable to buffer overflow. We propose SET; a management architecture for multiple split-TCP sessions across a number of serving gateways. SET implements striping and multiple TCP session management through a shim at session layer. Through analytical modeling and ns2 simulations, we show that our proposed architecture optimizes communication for ingress bulk data transfer while providing associated load balancing services. We conclude that multiple split-TCP sessions managed in parallel across a number of gateways result in reduced latency for bulk data transfer and provide robustness against gateway failures.

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Correspondence to Saima Zafar.

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Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Zafar, S., Hammad Akbar, A., Jabbar, S. et al. SET: Session Layer-Assisted Efficient TCP Management Architecture for 6LoWPAN with Multiple Gateways. J Wireless Com Network 2010, 936457 (2010).

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  • Sensor Network
  • Sensor Node
  • Wireless Sensor Network
  • Management Architecture
  • Bulk Data