Open Access

A Wireless Sensor Network for Hospital Security: From User Requirements to Pilot Deployment

  • Ville Kaseva1Email author,
  • Timo D. Hämäläinen1 and
  • Marko Hännikäinen1
EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking20102011:920141

Received: 28 June 2010

Accepted: 13 August 2010

Published: 18 August 2010


Increasing amount of Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) applications require low network delays. However, current research on WSNs has mainly concentrated on optimizing energy-efficiency omitting low network delays. This paper presents a novel WSN design targeted at applications requiring low data transfer delays and high reliability. We present the whole design flow from user requirements to an actual pilot deployment in a real hospital unit. The WSN includes multihop low-delay data transfer and energy-efficient mobile nodes reaching lifetime of years with small batteries. The nodes communicate using a low-cost low-power 2.4 GHz radio. The network is used in a security application with which personnel can send alarms in threatening situations. Also, a multitude of sensor measurements and actuator control is possible with the WSN. A full-scale pilot deployment is extensively experimented for performance results. Currently, the pilot network is in use at the hospital.

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Authors’ Affiliations

Department of Computer and Digital Systems, Tampere University of Technology


© Ville Kaseva et al. 2011

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.