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  • Research Article
  • Open Access

Differential Amplitude Pulse-Position Modulation for Indoor Wireless Optical Communications

EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking20052005:542578

  • Received: 31 March 2004
  • Published:


We propose a novel differential amplitude pulse-position modulation (DAPPM) for indoor optical wireless communications. DAPPM yields advantages over PPM, DPPM, and DH-PIM in terms of bandwidth requirements, capacity, and peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR). The performance of a DAPPM system with an unequalized receiver is examined over nondispersive and dispersive channels. DAPPM can provide better bandwidth and/or power efficiency than PAM, PPM, DPPM, and DH-PIM depending on the number of amplitude levels and the maximum length of a symbol. We also show that, given the same maximum length, DAPPM has better bandwidth efficiency but requires about and more power than PPM and DPPM, respectively, at high bit rates over a dispersive channel. Conversely, DAPPM requires less power than DH-PIM . When the number of bits per symbol is the same, PAM requires more power, and DH-PIM less power, than DAPPM. Finally, it is shown that the performance of DAPPM can be improved with MLSD, chip-rate DFE, and multichip-rate DFE.


  • differential amplitude pulse-position modulation
  • optical wireless communications
  • intensity modulation and direct detection
  • decision-feedback equalization

Authors’ Affiliations

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Victoria, P.O. Box 3055, STN CSC, V8W 3P6, BC, Victoria, Canada