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Extended Lock Range Zero-Crossing Digital Phase-Locked Loop with Time Delay

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Abstract

The input frequency limit of the conventional zero-crossing digital phase-locked loop (ZCDPLL) is due to the operating time of the digital circuitry inside the feedback loop. A solution that has been previously suggested is the introduction of a time delay in the feedback path of the loop to allow the digital circuits to complete their sample processing before the next sample is received. However, this added delay will limit the stable operation range and hence lock range of the loop. The objective of this work is to extend the lock range of ZCDPLL with time delay by using a chaos control. The tendency of the loop to diverge is measured and fed back as a form of linear stabilization. The lock range extension has been confirmed through the use of a bifurcation diagram, and Lyapunov exponent.

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Correspondence to Qassim Nasir.

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Keywords

  • nonuniform sampling
  • digital phase locked loops
  • chaos control