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Table 1 Cross-layer approaches.

From: A survey of performance enhancement of transmission control protocol (TCP) in wireless ad hoc networks

Proposed solution Layers involved Sender Intermediate Receiver Route failure Shared medium Transmission losses Unfairness Congestion Normal SACK DACK Control messages Routing protocol Parameters Proposed in Simulation environment
TCP-feedback T & N Y Y - Y - - - Y Y - - RFN RRN - - 1998 Mobile
TCP-BUS T & N Y Y - Y - - - Y Y - - ERDN ERSN ABR - 2000 Mobile
ATCP T & N Y Y - Y - Y - Y Y - - ICM, ECN - - 2001 Mobile
ENIC T, N & MAC Y Y Y Y - - - - - Y Y EREN ERRN AODV - 2001 Mobile
Preemptive routing N & P Y Y - Y - - - - Y - - Ping Pong DSR AODV Signal strength 2001 Mobile
ELFN T & N Y Y - Y - - - Y Y - - ELFN DSR - 2002 Mobile
TCP/RCWE T & N Y Y - Y - Y - Y Y - - ELFN DSR RTT 2002 Mobile
ATRA N & MAC Y Y - Y - - - - Y - - ELFN DSR Signal Strength 2004 Mobile
ECIA T & N Y Y - Y - - - Y Y - - EPLN BEAD DSR - 2004 Mobile
Signal strength based link manage N, P Y Y - Y - - - - Y - - - AODV Signal Strength 2004 Mobile
C3TCP T & MAC Y Y Y - - - - Y - Y Y - - Available Bandwidth & Delay 2006 Static
WCCP T & MAC Y Y Y - Y - Y Y Y - - - AODV Channel Usage 2007 Static
TCTC T, MAC Y Y Y - Y - - - Y - - - DSR Short-term Throughput & Transmission Delay 2008 Static
  1. Note: The'-'mark is used if the approach does not involve a particular aspect, otherwise 'Y' is used except in the case of routing where the'-'mark means the approach does not clearly specify the routing protocol used.