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Table 1 Comparison of the handover methods proposed in the IEEE 802.16j systems

From: An accelerating handover process scheme for IEEE 802.16j multi-hop relay networks

Method Handover technique RS Location Number of RSs (per cell) Number of hops Number of connection stations Moving situation of MSs
RIHE [14] HHO Fixed 6 1 1 Yes
OHSP [15] HHO Random 0–50 ≥1 1 No
HSMCN [16] and FHS [17] HHO Fixed 6 1 1 No
SSTHT [18] and TMDHT [19] MDHO Fixed 6 1 ≥2 Yes
Proposed RACA HHO Random 10–50 1 1 Yes