Value network configurations used in the techno-economic model. Service 1: free passenger Wi-Fi; service 2: video-on-demand; service 3: crew communication. In the first scenario (left side), a train operating company offers free passenger Wi-Fi. To cover the cost, a charge is included in the ticket fee. In the second scenario (right side), the free passenger Wi-Fi service is complemented with a video-on-demand service and a crew communication system. Both are provided by a third party (service provider). All services use the communication network which is operated by the integrator (logical connection) and the network operator (physical connection). The train operating company pays a contractual fee for the network connection and charges the service provider a fee for usage of the network.