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Table 2 Power consumption of the LTE-BS hardware elements [23]

From: Energy optimisation of hybrid off-grid system for remote telecommunication base station deployment in Malaysia

Item Notation Unit Macro
PA Max transmit (rms) power, P max W 39.8
Max transmit (rms) power dBm 46.0
PAPR dB 8.0
Peak output power dBm 54.0
PA efficiency, μ % 38.8
Total PA (P PA) = \( \frac{{\mathrm{P}}_{max}}{\upmu} \) W 102.6
TRX P TX W 5.7
P RX W 5.2
Total RF (P RF) W 10.9
BB Radio (inner Rx/Tx) W 5.4
Turbo code (outer Rx/Tx) W 4.4
Processor W 5.0
Total BB (P BB) W 14.8
DC-DC loss, σ DC % 6.0
Cooling loss, σ cool % 9.0
AC-DC (main supply) loss, σ MS % 7.0
Total per TRX = \( \frac{{\mathrm{P}}_{\mathrm{P}\mathrm{A}}+{\mathrm{P}}_{\mathrm{RF}}+{\mathrm{P}}_{\mathrm{BB}}}{\left(1-{\upsigma}_{\mathrm{DC}}\right)\left(1-{\upsigma}_{\mathrm{cool}}\right)\left(1-{\upsigma}_{\mathrm{MS}}\right)} \) W 160.8
Number of sectors # 3
Number of antennas # 2
Number of carriers # 1
Total number of transceivers (N TRX) # 6
Total number of N TRX chains, Pin = N TRX × Total per TRX W 964.9 s