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Table 3 Simulation parameters

From: Location-based distributed sleeping cell detection and root cause analysis for 5G ultra-dense networks

Propagation model Indoor-indoor Winner II A1
  Indoor-outdoor Winner II A2
  Outdoor-outdoor Winner II C2
  Outdoor-indoor Winner II C4
Base station model EIRP 3 (small cells)/43 (macro) dBm
  Directivity Omni (small)/tri-sector (macro)
  Access Open (small)/open (macro)
Mobile station model Noise figure 9 dB
  Noise density −174dBm/Hz
Traffic model Calls Poisson (avg. 0.43calls/user·h)
  Duration Exponential (avg. 100 s)
Mobility model Outdoor 3 km/h, random direction, and wrap-around
  Indoor Random waypoint
Service model Voice over IP 16 kbps
  Full buffer  
RRM model Bandwidth 1.4 MHz (6 PRBs)
  Access control Directed retry (threshold = −44dBm)
  Cell reselection Criteria S, R
  Handover Events A3, A5
  Scheduler Voice: round-robin best channel
Full buffer: proportional fair
Time resolution   100 ms
Load balancing algorithm Epoch time 60 s