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Table 3 Performance for ELPSO and other PSOs

From: Ensemble learning particle swarm optimization for real-time UWB indoor localization

Functions GPSO LPSO FIPS HPSO-TVAC CLPSO OPSO BBPSO ELPSO
f 1 Mean 1.69 × 10−31 4.48 × 10−14 5.55 × 10−14 2.55 × 10−33 2.54 × 10−12 5.33 × 10−18 1.90 × 10−53 5.15 × 10−38
Std. Dev 4.55 × 10−31 4.00 × 10−14 2.26 × 10−14 5.55 × 10−33 8.84 × 10−13 3.86 × 10−18 3.69 × 10−53 9.64 × 10−38
Rank 4 6 7 3 8 5 1 2
f 2 Mean 1.30 × 10−21 1.97 × 10−10 1.48 × 10−8 8.44 × 10−20 3.59 × 10−8 1.76 × 10−10 1.52 × 10−29 7.44 × 10−22
Std. Dev 1.83 × 10−21 9.85 × 10−11 4.04 × 10−9 8.21 × 10−20 9.21 × 10−9 1.52 × 10−10 2.24 × 10−29 5.49 × 10−22
Rank 3 6 7 4 8 5 1 2
f 3 Mean 36.94197 22.39326 24.71584 19.28725 14.1712 41.60198 37.72958 1.83494
Std. Dev 25.53545 10.8901 0.24099 4.70946 10.72737 28.6714 40.18926 6.57884
Rank 6 4 5 3 2 8 7 1
f 4 Mean 0.00851 0.01911 0.00377 0.05747 0.00595 0.05798 0.0102 0.01484
Std. Dev 0.00328 0.00481 8.57 × 10−4 0.02237 0.00153 0.02131 0.00349 0.00391
Rank 3 6 1 7 2 8 4 5
f 5 Mean − 10,000.1 −  9594.07 − 9280.09 − 10,931.9 − 12,569.5 − 10,336.8 − 12,218.8 − 12,569.5
Std. Dev 479.961 376.9293 906.5758 374.6448 0 501.6225 185.7255 0
Rank 6 7 8 4 1 5 3 1
f 6 Mean 29.72935 33.18402 38.25496 6.80555 7.61 × 10−5 6.08918 1.19395 0
Std. Dev 8.41469 6.85435 8.58552 2.67412 7.16 × 10−5 2.28549 1.1124 0
Rank 6 7 8 5 2 4 3 1
f 7 Mean 1.34 × 10−14 1.18 × 10−7 1.09 × 10−7 8.54 × 10−14 5.29 × 10−7 5.87 × 10−9 8.12 × 10−15 4.28 × 10−15
Std. Dev 2.90 × 10−15 9.11 × 10−8 2.75 × 10−8 4.70 × 10−14 1.54 × 10−7 1.89 × 10−9 2.13 × 10−15 7.11 × 10−16
Rank 3 7 6 4 8 5 2 1
f 8 Mean 0.00837 0.00227 2.19 × 10−6 0.00325 1.23 × 10−8 0.00118 0.00404 0
Std. Dev 0.00996 0.00432 1.10 × 10−5 0.00419 1.86 × 10−8 0.00277 0.00721 0
Rank 8 5 3 6 2 4 7 1
f 9 Mean 0.00415 1.74 × 10−15 3.70 × 10−16 1.77 × 10−29 1.03 × 10−13 1.27 × 10−19 1.61 × 10−32 1.57 × 10−32
Std. Dev 0.02073 3.08 × 10−15 2.52 × 10−16 8.17 × 10−30 6.16 × 10−14 1.14 × 10−19 1.43 × 10−33 0
Rank 8 6 5 3 7 4 2 1
f 10 Mean 0.00176 1.78 × 10−13 5.55 × 10−15 2.44 × 10−28 2.17 × 10−12 1.06 × 10−18 1.43 × 10−32 1.35 × 10−32
Std. Dev 0.00411 2.55 × 10−13 2.42 × 10−15 1.08 × 10−28 1.11 × 10−12 6.37 × 10−19 3.94 × 10−33 2.47 × 10−34
Rank 8 6 5 3 7 4 2 1
f 11 Mean − 8840.69 − 9880.77 − 7430.41 − 8515.69 − 9377.81 − 9700.32 −10,697.7 − 10,597.2
Std. Dev 1114.708 1240.53 1303.977 1818.807 870.6272 1423.02 1652.89 2096.313
Rank 6 3 8 7 5 4 1 2
f 12 Mean 56.75235 49.65696 118.3976 32.59482 77.63228 73.04538 42.86277 56.53254
Std. Dev 13.11957 11.62829 19.42732 9.56176 10.19121 19.79576 11.10137 14.19207
Rank 5 3 8 1 7 6 2 4
f 13 Mean 1.72364 1.23822 1.34 × 10−7 5.71977 9.49 × 10−6 1.45 × 10−8 7.84 × 10−15 4.28 × 10−16
Std. Dev 0.77477 0.66329 3.72 × 10−8 1.51541 2.58 × 10−5 6.46 × 10−9 1.62 × 10−15 7.11 × 10−16
Rank 7 6 4 8 5 3 2 1
f 14 Mean 0.01496 0.00202 3.89 × 10−9 0.01201 2.98 × 10−5 0.00118 2.96 × 10−4 5.47 × 10−9
Std. Dev 0.01319 0.00506 9.01 × 10−9 0.01348 3.32 × 10−5 0.00327 0.00148 1.60 × 10−8
Rank 8 6 2 7 3 5 4 1
Average rank 5.79 5.57 5.50 4.64 4.79 5.00 2.93 1.71
Final rank 8 7 6 3 4 5 2 1
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