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Table 2 Results of benchmark functions

From: An improved wolf colony search algorithm based on mutual communication by a sensor perception of wireless networking

F   ILWCA GWO PSO GSA SOA GA
F4 Average 2.3098e-07 1.6809e-01 5.9244e + 00 2.5968e + 03 8.7209e + 00 3.7533e-01
Best 2.0231e-08 6.5745e-02 2.7091e + 00 2.3267e + 03 3.7315e + 00 1.5339e-02
Worst 1.0011e-06 8.6775e-01 2.2001e + 01 2.7596e + 03 1.7043e + 01 1.2087e + 00
F10 Average − 8.3013e + 03 − 5.9874e + 03 − 5.6100e + 03 − 2.7100e + 03 − 2.6426e + 03 − 2.0209e + 03
Best − 1.0709e + 04 − 7.1086e + 03 − 8.4041e + 03 −4.0804e + 03 − 3.4663e + 03 − 3.3395e + 03
Worst − 7.0223e + 03 − 4.7540e + 03 − 2.8426e + 03 −1.7474e + 03 − 2.0591e + 03 −1.3446e + 03
F12 Average 1.0207e + 00 4.1775e-02 3.4556e-03 4.5266e + 08 1.8131e + 00 2.2822e + 00
Best 3.8368e-21 6.7666e-03 3.2972e-11 1.2343e + 08 1.3187e-01 3.4683e-01
Worst 9.8116e + 00 1.2092e-01 1.0366e-01 6.5390e + 08 3.8369e + 00 3.9012e + 00
F16 Average − 6.7145e + 01 − 4.6695e + 01 − 6.5902e + 01 − 3.0162e + 01 − 5.1201e + 01 − 2.0334e + 01
Best − 7.0698e + 01 − 5.3634e + 01 − 6.9157e + 01 − 3.7542e + 01 − 6.4863e + 01 − 2.7265e + 01
Worst − 6.4195e + 01 − 3.9875e + 01 − 6.3337e + 01 − 2.6260e + 01 − 3.8281e + 01 − 1.5495e + 01