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Table 3 The statistics of alive nodes of four algorithms in 100 × 100m2

From: A modified cluster-head selection algorithm in wireless sensor networks based on LEACH

Network lifetime FND HNA LND
LEACH 330 s 450 s 530 s
LEACH-C 430 s 500 s 570 s
EE-LEACH 390 s 540 s 600 s
LEACH-M 500 s 590 s 650 s
Improvement ratio of LEACH-M 16%/28% 18%/9% 14%/8%