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Table 6 The statistics of alive nodes of four algorithms in 300 × 300m2

From: A modified cluster-head selection algorithm in wireless sensor networks based on LEACH

Network lifetime FND HNA LND
LEACH 210 s 350 s 480 s
LEACH-C 300 s 400 s 510 s
EE-LEACH 330 s 470 s 550 s
LEACH-M 400 s 510 s 590 s
Improvement ratio of LEACH-M 33%/21% 28%/9% 16%/7%