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Table 1 Wireless communication technologies that support AMI applications

From: Demonstrability of Narrowband Internet of Things technology in advanced metering infrastructure

Technology Standard/ protocol Max. theoretical data rate Coverage range Network layer
Z-Wave Z-Wave 40 Kbps Up to 30 m HAN
Bluetooth 802.15.1 721 Kbps Up to 100 m HAN
ZigBee ZigBee 250 Kbps Up to 100 m HAN/NAN
  ZigBee Pro 250 Kbps Up to 1600 m HAN/NAN
WLAN 802.11x 2–600 Mbps Up to 100 m HAN/NAN
WiFi 802.11x 2-600 Mbps Up to 100 m HAN/NAN
WiMAX 802.16 75 Mbps Up to 50 km NAN/WAN
Cellular GPRS 14.4 Kbps Up to 50 km NAN/WAN
  2.5G 144 Kbps Up to 50 km NAN/WAN
  3G 2 Mbps Up to 50 km NAN/WAN
  LTE 14 Mbps Up to 50 km NAN/WAN
  4G 100 Mbps Up to 50 km NAN/WAN
Satellite Satellite 1 Mbps 100–6000 km WAN