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Table 1 Result comparison of the CAPSO method versus standard PSO, IPSO, and APSO methods

From: Antenna array design by a contraction adaptive particle swarm optimization algorithm

Method f(·) Mean std p
PSO f 1 1099.20 434.68 2.16E −7
  f 2 4033.60 32.00 7.31E −6
IPSO f 1 908.80 222.27 2.37E −7
  f 2 3072.00 448.85 1.15E −7
APSO f 1 939.20 210.12 2.36E −7
  f 2 3172.80 446.58 1.20E −7
CAPSO f 1 449.60 553.93 N/A
  f 2 2004.80 46.64 N/A
  1. Hypothesis test decides significant difference of results of two methods and is shown in the p column. N/A means the data is not available