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Table 1 Total delay of road network (107(veh·s))

From: Bi-level route guidance method for large-scale urban road networks

   Average saturation of road networks
0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7
User optimum 0.35 1.02 2.29 3.14 4.38
System optimum 0.34 (2.9%) 0.93 (8.8%) 1.97 (14.0%) 2.65 (15.6%) 3.58 (18.3%)
Bi-level route guidance 0.35 (0) 0.99 (2.9%) 2.10 (8.3%) 2.73 (13.1%) 3.81 (13.0%)