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Table 6 An overview of the characteristics of uplink communication by SigFox, LoRaWAN, and DASH7 [24, 25, 35, 37, 40]

From: Impact of EU duty cycle and transmission power limitations for sub-GHz LPWAN SRDs: an overview and future challenges

  SigFox LoRaWAN (according to EU regional parameters) DASH7
Modulation Differential Binary Phase Shift Keying (DBPSK) CSS / CSS / Gaussian Frequency Shift Keying (GFSK) 2-GFSK
Max. total message size (bytes) 26 256 256
Max. payload size (bytes) 12 59 to 250 251
Data rate (kbps) 0.1 0.3 to 50 9.6 (lo-rate), 55.555 (normal), 166.667 (hi-rate)
Max. transmission power (mW) 25 100 (limited by the relevant regulatory limit, default 25 for end devices) Limited by the relevant regulatory limit
Bandwidth (kHz) 0.1 125 25 (lo-rate), 200 (normal, hi-rate)
Freq. range (MHz) 868.034 to 868.226 (192 kHz) 863 to 869.95 (with default center frequencies at 868.1, 868.3, and 868.5 for uplink communication and 869.525 for downlink communication) 863 to 870 (lo-rate), 863 to 870 with the exception of 868.6 to 868.725, 868.925 to 868.975, 869.175 to 869.425, and 869.625 to 869.75 (normal, hi-rate)