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Table 1 Communication overhead

From: Efficient authentication and re-authentication protocols for 4G/5G heterogeneous networks

MethodCommunication cost
 Intra HOInter HO
A1 [2]10TUA+5TAG10TUA+5TAG
El Idrissi [46]10TUA+4TAG10TUA+5TAG+4TGP
Shen [16]10TUA+4TAG10TUA+5TAG+4TGP
Lin [17]20TUA+5TAG10TUA+5TAG+4TGP
Singh [18]12TUA+5TAG12TUA+5TAG
Proposed10TUA+4TAG10TUA+4TAG+4TGP
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