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Table 1 Simulation parameters for the network

From: Energy-efficient hierarchical routing in wireless sensor networks based on fog computing

Parameter Value
Number of nodes 100
Network size 100 × 100 m2
Initial energy of normal node 0.5 J
Initial energy of advanced node 1.5 J
Number of ants 5
α 2
β 2
Transmit data rate 250 kbps
ρ 0.2
r (round) 5000
\(\lambda_{ij} \left( 0 \right)\) 0.01
Packet size 512 bytes
\(\varepsilon_{{{\text{amp}}}}\) 0.0012 pJ/bit/m4
\(E_{{{\text{elec}}}}\) 40 nJ/bit
\(E_{{{\text{DA}}}}\) 5 nJ/bit
MAC layer protocol IEEE 802.11
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