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Table 5 Test results of direct effect, indirect effect and total effect

From: Industrial efficiency analysis based on the spatial panel model

  Variable \({W}^{0-1}\) \({W}^{d}\)
ADI \(HLQ\) 0.0395*
(0.0240)
0.0674***
(0.0222)
\(Ln R\&D\) 0.0408
(0.0309)
0.0938***
(0.0338)
\(Ln FDI\) 0.0124
(0.0099)
0.0071
(0.0097)
\(MS\) 0.0526***
(0.0124)
0.0575***
(0.0109)
\(IND\) – 0.5728***
(0.1386)
– 0.2297*
(0.1395)
\(URB\) – 0.3513
(0.3536)
– 1.2147***
(0.3521)
AII \(HLQ\) 0.1547***
(0.0432)
0.1313*
(0.709)
\(Ln R\&D\) 0.2013***
(0.0481)
0.2570**
(0.1014)
\(Ln FDI\) – 0.0119
(0.0231)
– 0.1618***
(0.0413)
\(MS\) – 0.0359**
(0.0154)
– 0.0704***
(0.0123)
\(IND\) – 0.1032
(0.2245)
– 0.6000**
(0.2626)
\(URB\) – 2.5786***
(0.7347)
– 0.245
(1.3303)
ATI \(HLQ\) 0.1942***
(0.0386)
0.1987*
(0.1349)
\(Ln R\&D\) 0.1605***
(0.0453)
0.1633*
(0.0992)
\(Ln FDI\) 0.0005
(0.0251)
– 0.1547***
(0.0416)
\(MS\) 0.0167*
(0.0094)
– 0.0128**
(0.0053)
\(IND\) – 0.6761***
(0.2184)
– 0.8297***
(0.2304)
\(URB\) – 2.9299***
(0.6804)
– 1.4597
(1.2644)
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