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Table 3 Qualitative analysis of pure ALOHA, slotted ALOHA, and CSMA protocols [39,40,41,42,43,44,45]

From: Towards achieving efficient MAC protocols for WBAN-enabled IoT technology: a review

Parameters Pure ALOHA Slotted ALOHA CSMA (1-persistent & non-persistent)
Energy efficiency Moderate High Low
Latency Moderate Moderate High at light loads
Throughput Low Moderate High
Reliability Low Moderate Moderate
Channel utilization High Moderate Moderate