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Table 1 Simulation parameters

From: Stable routing and energy-conserved data transmission over wireless sensor networks

Parameter Value
Network size 300 × 300 m2
Node density (number of nodes) 200, 400, 600, 800, 1000, 1200
Radio transmission range \((R)\) 20 m
Broadcasting range \((bR)\) 20 m, 30 m, 40 m, 50 m, 60 m, 70 m, 80 m, 90 m, 100 m, 110 m, 140 m
Maximum retransmission times \((MRt)\) 20
Maximum transmission times threshold \((MaxTr)\) 6
Minimum energy threshold \(EngTh\) (30% of residual energy)
\(\beta_{1} ,\beta_{2} ,\beta_{3}\) Normalized factors 0.4, 0.4, 0.2
\(E_{{{\text{elec}}}}\) 50 nJ/bit
\(\varepsilon_{{{\text{fs}}}}\) 10 pJ/bit/m2
\(\varepsilon_{{{\text{amp}}}}\) 0.0013 pJ/bit/m4
Initial energy \(IE_{i}\) 2 J