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Table 2 Parameter setting

From: An image denoising method based on BP neural network optimized by improved whale optimization algorithm

Algorithm Parameter Value
PSO \(c_1\) 2
\(c_2\) 2
\(\omega\) 0.9 linearly decreases to 0.2
GWO a 2 linearly decreases to 0
WOA a 2 linearly decreases to 0
MSWOA a 2 nonlinearly decreases to 0
\(\omega\) 0 nonlinearly increases to 1