Open Access

Equalization of Sparse Intersymbol-Interference Channels Revisited

  • Jan Mietzner1Email author,
  • Sabah Badri-Hoeher1,
  • Ingmar Land2 and
  • Peter A Hoeher1
EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking20062006:029075

DOI: 10.1155/WCN/2006/29075

Received: 18 April 2005

Accepted: 28 February 2006

Published: 25 April 2006

Abstract

Sparse intersymbol-interference (ISI) channels are encountered in a variety of communication systems, especially in high-data-rate systems. These channels have a large memory length, but only a small number of significant channel coefficients. In this paper, equalization of sparse ISI channels is revisited with focus on trellis-based techniques. Due to the large channel memory length, the complexity of maximum-likelihood sequence estimation by means of the Viterbi algorithm is normally prohibitive. In the first part of the paper, a unified framework based on factor graphs is presented for complexity reduction without loss of optimality. In this new context, two known reduced-complexity trellis-based techniques are recapitulated. In the second part of the paper a simple alternative approach is investigated to tackle general sparse ISI channels. It is shown that the use of a linear filter at the receiver renders the application of standard reduced-state trellis-based equalization techniques feasible without significant loss of optimality.

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Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Information and Coding Theory Lab (ICT), Faculty of Engineering, University of Kiel
(2)
Department of Communication Technology, Digital Communications Division, Aalborg University

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Copyright

© Jan Mietzner et al. 2006

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.