Skip to main content

Design and Performance Analysis of an Adaptive Receiver for Multicarrier DS-CDMA

Abstract

An adaptive parallel interference cancelation (APIC) scheme is proposed for the multicarrier direct sequence code division multiple access (MC-DS-CDMA) system. Frequency diversity inherent in the MC system is exploited through maximal ratio combining, and an adaptive least mean square algorithm is used to estimate the multiple access interference. Theoretical analysis on the bit-error rate (BER) of the APIC receiver is presented. Under a unified signal model, the conventional PIC (CPIC) is shown to be a special case of the APIC. Hence the BER derivation for the APIC is also applicable to the CPIC. The performance and the accuracy of the theoretical results are examined via simulations under different design parameters, which show that the APIC outperforms the CPIC receiver provided that the adaptive parameters are properly selected.

[12345678910111213141516171819202122232425262728293031]

References

  1. Hanzo L, Yang L-L, Kuan E-L, Yen K: Single- and Multi-Carrier DS-CDMA: Multi-User Detection, Space-Time Spreading, Synchronisation, Standards and Networking. John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA; 2003.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  2. Yang L-L, Hanzo L: Multicarrier DS-CDMA: a multiple access scheme for ubiquitous broadband wireless communications. IEEE Communications Magazine 2003,41(10):116-124. 10.1109/MCOM.2003.1235603

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Bingham JAC: Multicarrier modulation for data transmission: an idea whose time has come. IEEE Communications Magazine 1990,28(5):5-14. 10.1109/35.54342

    MathSciNet  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Sourour EA, Nakagawa M: Performance of orthogonal multicarrier CDMA in a multipath fading channel. IEEE Transactions on Communications 1996,44(3):356-367. 10.1109/26.486330

    MATH  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Hara S, Prasad R: Overview of multicarrier CDMA. IEEE Communications Magazine 1997,35(12):126-133. 10.1109/35.642841

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Yee N, Linnartz J-P, Fettweis G: Multi-carrier CDMA for indoor wireless radio networks. Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC '93), September 1993, Yokohama, Japan 109-113.

    Google Scholar 

  7. DaSilve V, Sousa ES: Performance of orthogonal CDMA codes for quasi-synchronous communication systems. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Universal Personal Communications (ICUPC '93), October 1993, Ottawa, Canada 2: 995-999.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Vandendorpe L: Multitone direct sequence CDMA system in an indoor wireless environment. Proceedings of the 1st IEEE Symposium on Communications and Vehicular Technology (SCVT '93), October 1993, Delft, The Netherlands 4.1-1-4.1-8.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Fazel K, Kaiser S, Schnell M: A flexible and high performance cellular mobile communications system based on orthogonal multi-carrier SSMA. Wireless Personal Communications 1995,2(1-2):121-144. 10.1007/BF01099534

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Müller T, Rohling H, Grünheid R: Comparison of different detection algorithms for OFDM-CDMA in broadband Rayleigh fading. Proceedings of the 45th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC '95), July 1995, Chicago, Ill, USA 2: 835-838.

    Google Scholar 

  11. Kaiser S: OFDM-CDMA versus DS-CDMA: performance evaluation for fading channels. Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC '95), June 1995, Seattle, Wash, USA 3: 1722-1726.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Kaiser S: On the performance of different detection techniques for OFDM-CDMA in fading channels. Proceedings of IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (GLOBECOM '95), November 1995, Singapore 3: 2059-2063.

    Google Scholar 

  13. Hara S, Prasad R: DS-CDMA, MC-CDMA and MT-CDMA for mobile multi-media communications. Proceedings of the 46th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC '96), April-May 1996, Atlanta, Ga, USA 2: 1106-1110.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Kondo S, Milstein B: Performance of multicarrier DS CDMA systems. IEEE Transactions on Communications 1996,44(2):238-246. 10.1109/26.486616

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Xu W, Milstein LB: On the performance of multicarrier RAKE systems. IEEE Transactions on Communications 2001,49(10):1812-1823. 10.1109/26.957403

    MATH  Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Moshavi S: Multi-user detection for DS-CDMA communications. IEEE Communications Magazine 1996,34(10):124-136. 10.1109/35.544334

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Verdú S: Multiuser Detection. Cambridge University Press, New York, NY, USA; 1998.

    MATH  Google Scholar 

  18. Verdú S: Adaptive multiuser detection. Proceedings of the 3rd IEEE International Symposium on Spread Spectrum Techniques & Applications, July 1994, Oulu, Finland 1: 43-50.

    Google Scholar 

  19. Honig ML, Poor HV: Adaptive interference suppression. In Wireless Communications: Signal Processing Perspectives. Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA; 1998:64-128.

    Google Scholar 

  20. Chern SJ, Chang CY, Liao TY: Adaptive multiuser interference cancellation with robust constrained IQRD-RLS algorithm for MC-CDMA system. Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Intelligent Signal Processing and Communication Systems, November 2001, Nashville, Tenn, USA 242-246.

    Google Scholar 

  21. Fang L, Milstein LB: Successive interference cancellation in multicarrier DS/CDMA. IEEE Transactions on Communications 2000,48(9):1530-1540. 10.1109/26.870020

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. Andrews JG, Meng THY: Performance of multicarrier CDMA with successive interference cancellation in a multipath fading channel. IEEE Transactions on Communications 2004,52(5):811-822. 10.1109/TCOMM.2004.826240

    Article  Google Scholar 

  23. Varanasi MK, Aazhang B: Near-optimum detection in synchronous code-division multiple-access systems. IEEE Transactions on Communications 1991,39(5):725-736. 10.1109/26.87163

    Article  Google Scholar 

  24. Divsalar D, Simon MK, Raphaeli D: Improved parallel interference cancellation for CDMA. IEEE Transactions on Communications 1998,46(2):258-268. 10.1109/26.659484

    Article  Google Scholar 

  25. Xue G, Weng J, Le-Ngoc T, Tahar S: Adaptive multistage parallel interference cancellation for CDMA. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications 1999,17(10):1815-1827. 10.1109/49.793316

    Article  Google Scholar 

  26. Xu W, Milstein LB: Performance of multicarrier DS CDMA systems in the presence of correlated fading. Proceedings of the 47th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC '97), May 1997, Phoenix, Ariz, USA 3: 2050-2054.

    Google Scholar 

  27. Kajiwara A, Nakagawa M: Microcellular CDMA system with a linear multiuser interference canceler. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications 1994,12(4):605-611. 10.1109/49.286667

    Article  Google Scholar 

  28. Kumar PS, Holtzman J: Power control for a spread spectrum system with multiuser receivers. Proceedings of the 6th IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC '95), September 1995, Toronto, Canada 3: 955-959.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  29. Haykin S: Adaptive Filter Theory. 3rd edition. Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA; 1996.

    MATH  Google Scholar 

  30. Proakis J: Digital Communications. 4th edition. McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, USA; 2001.

    MATH  Google Scholar 

  31. Yoon YC, Kohno R, Imai H: A spread-spectrum multiaccess system with cochannel interference cancellation for multipath fading channels. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications 1993,11(7):1067-1075. 10.1109/49.233219

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Huahui Wang.

Rights and permissions

Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Wang, H., Yen, K., Ang, K. et al. Design and Performance Analysis of an Adaptive Receiver for Multicarrier DS-CDMA. J Wireless Com Network 2007, 010462 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1155/2007/10462

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2007/10462

Keywords

  • Design Parameter
  • Performance Analysis
  • Sequence Code
  • Direct Sequence
  • System Application