Open Access

Interference Excision in Spread Spectrum Communications Using Adaptive Positive Time-Frequency Analysis

EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking20072007:014916

https://doi.org/10.1155/2007/14916

Received: 26 July 2006

Accepted: 24 May 2007

Published: 5 July 2007

Abstract

This paper introduces a novel algorithm to excise single and multicomponent chirp-like interferences in direct sequence spread spectrum (DSSS) communications. The excision algorithm consists of two stages: adaptive signal decomposition stage and directional element detection stage based on the Hough-Radon transform (HRT). Initially, the received spread spectrum signal is decomposed into its time-frequency (TF) functions using an adaptive signal decomposition algorithm, and the resulting TF functions are mapped onto the TF plane. We then use a line detection algorithm based on the HRT that operates on the image of the TF plane and detects energy varying directional elements that satisfy a parametric constraint. Interference is modeled by reconstructing the corresponding TF functions detected by the HRT, and subtracted from the received signal. The proposed technique has two main advantages: (i) it localizes the interferences on the TF plane with no cross-terms, thus facilitating simple filtering techniques based on thresholding of the TF functions, and is an efficient way to excise the interference; (ii) it can be used for the detection of any directional interferences that can be parameterized. Simulation results with synthetic models have shown successful performance with linear and quadratic chirp interferences for single and multicomponent interference cases. The proposed method excises the interference even under very low SNR conditions of  dB, and the technique could be easily extended to any interferences that could be represented by a parametric equation in the TF plane.

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Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Ryerson University

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Copyright

© S. Krishnan and S. Erküçük 2007

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.