Open Access

Survey of Channel and Radio Propagation Models for Wireless MIMO Systems

  • P. Almers1Email author,
  • E. Bonek2,
  • A. Burr3,
  • N. Czink2, 4,
  • M. Debbah5,
  • V. Degli-Esposti6,
  • H. Hofstetter5,
  • P. Kyösti7,
  • D. Laurenson8,
  • G. Matz2,
  • A.F. Molisch9, 1,
  • C. Oestges10 and
  • H. Özcelik2
EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking20072007:019070

https://doi.org/10.1155/2007/19070

Received: 24 May 2006

Accepted: 15 November 2006

Published: 26 February 2007

Abstract

This paper provides an overview of the state-of-the-art radio propagation and channel models for wireless multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems. We distinguish between physical models and analytical models and discuss popular examples from both model types. Physical models focus on the double-directional propagation mechanisms between the location of transmitter and receiver without taking the antenna configuration into account. Analytical models capture physical wave propagation and antenna configuration simultaneously by describing the impulse response (equivalently, the transfer function) between the antenna arrays at both link ends. We also review some MIMO models that are included in current standardization activities for the purpose of reproducible and comparable MIMO system evaluations. Finally, we describe a couple of key features of channels and radio propagation which are not sufficiently included in current MIMO models.

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Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Department of Electroscience, Lund University
(2)
Institut für Nachrichtentechnik und Hochfrequenztechnik, Technische Universität Wien
(3)
Department of Electronics, University of York
(4)
Forschungszentrum Telekommunikation Wien (ftw.)
(5)
Mobile Communications Group, Institut Eurecom
(6)
Dipartimento di Elettronica, Informatica e Sistemistica, Università di Bologna, Villa Griffone
(7)
Elektrobit
(8)
Institute for Digital Communications, School of Engineering and Electronics, The University of Edinburgh
(9)
Mitsubishi Electric Research Lab
(10)
Microwave Laboratory, Universite catholique de Louvain

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© P. Almers et al. 2007

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