Skip to main content


Channel Characteristics and Transmission Performance for Various Channel Configurations at 60 GHz

  • 1642 Accesses

  • 50 Citations


Extensive measurements are conducted in room environments at 60 GHz to analyze the channel characteristics for various channel configurations. Channel parameters retrieved from measurements are presented and analyzed based on generic channel models. Particularly, a simple single-cluster model is applied for the parameter retrieval and performance evaluation. By this model, power delay profiles are simply described by a-factor, a root-mean-squared delay spread, and a shape parameter. The considered channels are configured with the combination of omnidirectional, fan-beam, and pencil-beam antennas at transmitter and receiver sides. Both line-of-sight (LOS) and non-LOS (NLOS) channels are considered. Further, to evaluate the transmission performance, we analyze the link budget in the considered environments, then design and simulate an OFDM system with a data rate of 2 Gbps to compare the bit-error-rate (BER) performance by using the measured and modeled channels. Both coded and uncoded OFDM systems are simulated. It is observed that the BER performance agrees well for the measured and modeled channels. In addition, directive configurations can provide sufficient link margins and BER performance for high data rate communications. To increase the coverage and performance in the NLOS area, it is preferable to apply directive antennas.



  1. 1.

    Fiacco M, Parks M, Radi H, Saunders SR: Final report—indoor propagation factors at 17 and 60GHz. University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, UK; 1998. study carried out on behalf of the Radiocommunications Agency

  2. 2.

    Schöthier J: WP3-study: the 60 GHz channel and its modelling. 2001. IST-2001-32686 Broadway

  3. 3.

    Smulders PFM: Exploiting the 60 GHz band for local wireless multimedia access: prospects and future directions. IEEE Communications Magazine 2002,40(1):140-147. 10.1109/35.978061

  4. 4.

    Xu H, Kukshya V, Rappaport TS: Spatial and temporal characteristics of 60-GHZ indoor channels. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications 2002,20(3):620-630. 10.1109/49.995521

  5. 5.

    IEEE 802.15 WPAN Millimeter Wave Alternative PHY Task Group 3c (TG3c)

  6. 6.

    Davies R, Bensebti M, Beach MA, McGeehan JP: Wireless propagation measurements in indoor multipath environments at 1.7 GHz and 60 GHz for small cell systems. Proceedings of the 41st IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC '91), May 1991, Saint Louis, Mo, USA 589-593.

  7. 7.

    Anderson CR, Rappaport TS, Bae K, et al.: In-building wideband multipath characteristics at 2.5 & 60 GHz. Proceedings of the 56th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC '02), September 2002, Vancouver, BC, Canada 1: 97-101.

  8. 8.

    Bultitude RJC, Hahn RF, Davies RJ: Propagation considerations for the design of an indoor broad-band communications system at EHF. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology 1998,47(1):235-245. 10.1109/25.661050

  9. 9.

    Moraitis N, Constantinou P: Indoor channel measurements and characterization at 60 GHz for wireless local area network applications. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 2004,52(12):3180-3189. 10.1109/TAP.2004.836422

  10. 10.

    Collonge S, Zaharia G, El Zein G: Influence of the human activity on wide-band characteristics of the 60 GHz indoor radio channel. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications 2004,3(6):2396-2406. 10.1109/TWC.2004.837276

  11. 11.

    Cox DC, Leck RP: Correlation bandwidth and delay spread multipath propagation statistics for 910-MHz urban mobile radio channels. IEEE Transactions on Communications 1975,23(11):1271-1280. 10.1109/TCOM.1975.1092716

  12. 12.

    Glance B, Greenstein LJ: Frequency-selective fading effects in digital mobile radio with diversity combining. IEEE Transactions on Communications 1983,31(9):1085-1094.

  13. 13.

    Hashemi H: The indoor radio propagation channel. Proceedings of the IEEE 1993,81(7):943-968. 10.1109/5.231342

  14. 14.

    Yang H, Herben MHAJ, Smulders PFM: Frequency selectivity of 60-GHz LOS and NLOS Indoor Radio Channels. Proceedings of the 63rd IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC '06), May 2006, Melbourne, Australia 6: 2727-2731.

  15. 15.

    Saleh AAM, Valenzuela RA: A statistical model for indoor multipath propagation. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications 1987,5(2):128-137.

  16. 16.

    Spencer QH, Jeffs BD, Jensen MA, Swindlehurst AL: Modeling the statistical time and angle of arrival characteristics of an indoor multipath channel. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications 2000,18(3):347-360. 10.1109/49.840194

  17. 17.

    Chong C-C, Tan C-M, Laurenson DI, McLaughlin S, Beach MA, Nix AR: A new statistical wideband spatio-temporal channel model for 5-GHz band WLAN systems. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications 2003,21(2):139-150. 10.1109/JSAC.2002.807347

  18. 18.

    Chong C-C, Yong SK: A generic statistical-based UWB channel model for high-rise apartments. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 2005,53(8, part 1):2389-2399.

  19. 19.

    Molisch AF, Cassioli D, Chong C-C, et al.: A comprehensive standardized model for ultrawideband propagation channels. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 2006,54(11, part 1):3151-3166.

  20. 20.

    Takai H: In-room transmission BER performance of anti-multipath modulation PSK-VP. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology 1993,42(2):177-185. 10.1109/25.211455

  21. 21.

    P.F.M. Smulders, “Broadband wireless LANs: a feasibility study,” Ph.D. dissertation, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlandss, December 1995.

  22. 22.

    Chuang JC-I: The effects of time delay spread on portable radio communications channels with digital modulation. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications 1987,5(5):879-889. 10.1109/JSAC.1987.1146591

  23. 23.

    Adachi F, Ohno K: BER performance of QDPSK with postdetection diversity reception in mobile radio channels. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology 1991,40(1, part 2):237-249. 10.1109/25.69994

  24. 24.

    Dossi L, Tartara G, Tallone F: Statistical analysis of measured impulse response functions of 2.0 GHz indoor radio channels. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications 1996,14(3):405-410. 10.1109/49.490225

  25. 25.

    Andersen JB, Rappaport TS, Yoshida S: Propagation measurements and models for wireless communications channels. IEEE Communications Magazine 1995,33(1):42-49. 10.1109/35.339880

  26. 26.

    Medbo J, Hallenberg H, Berg J-E: Propagation characteristics at 5 GHz in typical radio-LAN scenarios. Proceedings of the 49th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC '99), May 1999, Houston, Tex, USA 1: 185-189.

  27. 27.

    Bello PA: Characterization of randomly time-variant linear channels. IEEE Transactions on Communications Systems 1963,11(4):360-393. 10.1109/TCOM.1963.1088793

  28. 28.

    Marinier P, Delisle GY, Despins CL: Temporal variations of the indoor wireless millimeter-wave channel. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 1998,46(6):928-934. 10.1109/8.686782

  29. 29.

    Durgin G, Rappaport TS, Xu H: Measurements and models for radio path loss and penetration loss in and around homes and trees at 5.85 GHz. IEEE Transactions on Communications 1998,46(11):1484-1496. 10.1109/26.729393

  30. 30.

    Clarke RH: A statistical theory of mobile-radio reception. Bell System Technical Journal 1968,47(6):957-1000.

  31. 31.

    Jakes WC: Microwave Mobile Communications. John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA; 1974.

  32. 32.

    Aulin T: A modified model for the fading signal at a mobile radio channel. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology 1979,28(3):182-203.

  33. 33.

    Qu S, Yeap T: A three-dimensional scattering model for fading channels in land mobile environment. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology 1999,48(3):765-781. 10.1109/25.764993

  34. 34.

    Thoen S, Van der Perre L, Engels M: Modeling the channel time-variance for fixed wireless communications. IEEE Communications Letters 2002,6(8):331-333. 10.1109/LCOMM.2002.802044

  35. 35.

    Sato K, Manabe T: Estimation of propagation-path visibility for indoor wireless LAN systems under shadowing condition by human bodies. Proceedings of the 48th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC '98), May 1998, Ottawa, Canada 3: 2109-2113.

  36. 36.

    Witrisal K, Landman G, Bohdanowicz A: Practical application of a novel method for estimating the RMS delay spread from power measurements. Proceedings of the 4th European Mobile Communications Conference (EPMCC '01), February 2001, Vienna, Austria

  37. 37.

    ETSI : Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB); framing structure, channel coding and modulation for digital terrestrial television. European Telecommunications Standards Institute, November 2004, eN 300 744 V1.5.

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Haibing Yang.

Rights and permissions

Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Yang, H., Smulders, P.F.M. & Herben, M.H.A.J. Channel Characteristics and Transmission Performance for Various Channel Configurations at 60 GHz. J Wireless Com Network 2007, 019613 (2007) doi:10.1155/2007/19613

Download citation


  • High Data Rate
  • Directive Antenna
  • Channel Characteristic
  • Delay Spread
  • OFDM System