Skip to main content

Inter- and Intrasite Correlations of Large-Scale Parameters from Macrocellular Measurements at 1800 MHz

Abstract

The inter- and intrasite correlation properties of shadow fading and power-weighted angle spread at both the mobile station and the base station are studied utilizing narrowband multisite MIMO measurements in the 1800 MHz band. The influence of the distance between two base stations on the correlation is studied in an urban environment. Measurements have been conducted for two different situations: widely separated as well as closely located base stations. Novel results regarding the correlation of the power-weighted angle spread between base station sites with different separations are presented. Furthermore, the measurements and analysis presented herein confirm the autocorrelation and cross-correlation properties of the shadow fading and the angle spread that have been observed in previous studies.

[12345678910111213141516171819202122232425262728293031]

References

  1. Foschini G, Gans MJ: On limits of wireless communications in a fading environmen when using multiple antennas. Wireless Personal Communications 1998,6(3):311-335. 10.1023/A:1008889222784

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Telatar IE: Capacity of multi-antenna Gaussian channels. European Transactions on Telecommunications 1999,10(6):585-595. 10.1002/ett.4460100604

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Baum DS, El-Sallabi H, Jämsä T, et al.: IST-WINNER D5.4, final report on link and system level channel models. 2005.http://www.ist-winner.org/

    Google Scholar 

  4. Chizhik D, Ling J, Wolniansky P, Valenzuela R, Costa N, Huber K: Multiple-input-multiple-output measurements and modeling in manhattan. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communication 2003,21(3):321-331. 10.1109/JSAC.2003.809457

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Eiceg V, Sampath H, Catreux-Erceg S: Dual-polarization versus single-polarization MIMO channel measurement results and modeling. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications 2006,5(1):28-33.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Kyritsi P, Cox DC, Valenzuela RA, Wolniansky PW: Correlation analysis based on MIMO channel measurements in an indoor environment. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications 2003,21(5):713-720. 10.1109/JSAC.2003.810299

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Steinbauer M, Molisch AF, Bonek E: The double-directional radio channel. IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine 2001,43(4):51-63. 10.1109/74.951559

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Stridh R, Yu K, Ottersten B, Karlsson P: MIMO channel capacity and modeling issues on a measured Indoor radio channel at 5.8 GHz. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications 2005,4(3):895-903.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Wallace J, Jensen M: Time-varying MIMO channels: measurement, analysis, and modeling. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 2006,54(11 ,part 1):3265-3273.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 3GPP-SCM : Spatial channel model for multiple input multiple output (MIMO) simulations. 2003.http://www.3gpp.org/ TR.25.966 v.6.10,

  11. Gudmundson M: Correlation model for shadow fading in mobile radio systems. IEEE Electronics Letters 1991,27(23):2145-2146. 10.1049/el:19911328

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Algans A, Pedersen KI, Mogensen EP: Experimental analysis of the joint statistical properties of azimuth spread, delay spread, and shadow fading. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications 2002,20(3):523-531. 10.1109/49.995511

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Graziano V: Propagation correlation at 900MHz. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology 1978,27(4):182-189.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Weitzen J, Lowe TJ: Measurement of angular and distance correlation properties of log-normal shadowing at 1900 MHz and its application to design of PCS systems. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology 2002,51(2):265-273. 10.1109/25.994804

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Mawira A: Models for the spatial correlation functions of the (log)-normal component of the variability of VHF/UHF field strength in urban environment. Proceedings of the 3rd IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC '92), October 1992, Boston, Mass, USA 436-440.

    Google Scholar 

  16. Zayana K, Guisnet B: Measurements and modelisation of shadowing cross-correlationsbetween two base-stations. IEEE International Conference on Universal Personal Communications (ICUPC '98), October 1998, Florence, Italy 1: 101-105.

    Google Scholar 

  17. Perahia E, Cox DC, Ho S: Shadow fading cross correlation between basestations. The 53rd IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC '01), May 2001, Rhodes, Greece 1: 313-317.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Arnold HW, Cox DC, Murray RR: Macroscopic diversity performance measured in the 800-MHz portable radio communications environment. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 1988,36(2):277-281. 10.1109/8.1105

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Klingenbrunn T, Mogensen P: Modelling cross-correlated shadowing in network simulations. The 50th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC '99), September 1999, Amsterdam, The Netherlands 3: 1407-1411.

    Google Scholar 

  20. Jaldén N, Zetterberg P, Bengtsson M, Ottersten B: Analysis of multi-cell MIMO measurements in an urban macrocell environment. General Assembly of International Union of Radio Science (URSI '05), October 2005, New Delhi, India

    Google Scholar 

  21. Garcia L, Jaldén N, Lindmark B, Zetterberg P, Haro LD: Measurements of MIMO capacity at 1800MHz with in- and outdoor transmitter locations. Proceedings of the European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP '06), November 2006, Nice, France

    Google Scholar 

  22. Garcia L, Jaldin N, Lindmark B, Zetterberg P, Haro LD: Measurements of MIMO indoor channels at 1800MHz with multiple indoor and outdoor base stations. EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communication and Networking 2007, 2007: 10 pages.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  23. Zetterberg P: WIreless DEvelopment LABoratory (WIDELAB) equipment base. 2003.http://www.ee.kth.se/ Signal Sensors and Systems (KTH), iR-SB-IR-0316,

    Google Scholar 

  24. http://www.hubersuhner.com/

  25. Zetterberg P, Jaldén N, Yu K, Bengtsson M: Analysis of MIMO multi-cell correlations and other propagation issues based on urban measurements. Proceedings of the 14th IST Mobile and Wireless Communications Summit, June 2005, Dresden, Germany

    Google Scholar 

  26. Rappaport T: Wireless Communications: Principles and Practice. Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA; 1996.

    MATH  Google Scholar 

  27. Trump T, Ottersten B: Estimation of nominal direction of arrival and angular spread using an array of sensors. Signal Processing 1996,50(1-2):57-69. 10.1016/0165-1684(96)00003-5

    MATH  Article  Google Scholar 

  28. Bengtsson M, Ottersten B: Low-complexity estimators for distributed sources. IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing 2000,48(8):2185-2194. 10.1109/78.851999

    Article  Google Scholar 

  29. Tapio M: Direction and spread estimation of spatially distributed signals via the power azimuth spectrum. Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing (ICASSP '02), May 2002, Orlando, Fla, USA 3: 3005-3008.

    Google Scholar 

  30. Pedersen KI, Mogensen PE, Fleury BH: A stochastic model of the temporal and azimuthal dispersion seen at the base station in outdoor propagation environments. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology 2000,49(2):437-447. 10.1109/25.832975

    Article  Google Scholar 

  31. Jaldén N: Analysis of radio channel measurements using multiple base stations, Licenciate Thesis.

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Niklas Jaldén.

Rights and permissions

Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Jaldén, N., Zetterberg, P., Ottersten, B. et al. Inter- and Intrasite Correlations of Large-Scale Parameters from Macrocellular Measurements at 1800 MHz. J Wireless Com Network 2007, 025757 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1155/2007/25757

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2007/25757

Keywords

  • Information System
  • Autocorrelation
  • System Application
  • Urban Environment
  • Station Site