Open Access

Efficient MAC Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks Endowed with Directive Antennas: A Cross-Layer Solution

  • Gianfranco Manes1Email author,
  • Romano Fantacci1,
  • Francesco Chiti1,
  • Michele Ciabatti1,
  • Giovanni Collodi1,
  • Davide Di Palma1,
  • Ilaria Nelli1 and
  • Antonio Manes1
EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking20072007:037910

https://doi.org/10.1155/2007/37910

Received: 21 October 2006

Accepted: 11 May 2007

Published: 2 July 2007

Abstract

This paper deals with a novel MAC layer protocol, namely, directive synchronous transmission asynchronous reception (D-STAR) able to space-time synchronize a wireless sensor network (WSN). To this end, D-STAR integrates directional antennas within the communications framework, while taking into account both sleep/active states, according to a cross-layer design. After characterizing the D-STAR protocol in terms of functional characteristics, the related performance is presented, in terms of network lifetime gain, setup latency, and collision probability. It has shown a remarkable gain in terms of energy consumption reduction with respect to the basic approach endowed with omnidirectional antennas, without increasing the signaling overhead nor affecting the setup latency.

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Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Department of Electronics and Telecommunications, University of Florence

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Copyright

© Gianfranco Manes et al. 2007

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.