Open Access

Error Probability of Binary and -ary Signals with Spatial Diversity in Nakagami- (Hoyt) Fading Channels

EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking20072007:053742

https://doi.org/10.1155/2007/53742

Received: 21 June 2007

Accepted: 30 October 2007

Published: 17 December 2007

Abstract

We analyze the exact average symbol error probability (SEP) of binary and -ary signals with spatial diversity in Nakagami- (Hoyt) fading channels. The maximal-ratio combining and orthogonal space-time block coding are considered as diversity techniques for single-input multiple-output and multiple-input multiple-output systems, respectively. We obtain the average SEP in terms of the Lauricella multivariate hypergeometric function . The analysis is verified by comparing with Monte Carlo simulations and we further show that our general SEP expressions particularize to the previously known results for Rayleigh ( = 1) and single-input single-output (SISO) Nakagami- cases.

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Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
School of Electronics and Information, Kyung Hee University

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Copyright

© Trung Q. Duong et al. 2007

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.