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  • Research Article
  • Open Access

Error Probability of Binary and -ary Signals with Spatial Diversity in Nakagami- (Hoyt) Fading Channels

EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking20072007:053742

  • Received: 21 June 2007
  • Accepted: 30 October 2007
  • Published:


We analyze the exact average symbol error probability (SEP) of binary and -ary signals with spatial diversity in Nakagami- (Hoyt) fading channels. The maximal-ratio combining and orthogonal space-time block coding are considered as diversity techniques for single-input multiple-output and multiple-input multiple-output systems, respectively. We obtain the average SEP in terms of the Lauricella multivariate hypergeometric function . The analysis is verified by comparing with Monte Carlo simulations and we further show that our general SEP expressions particularize to the previously known results for Rayleigh ( = 1) and single-input single-output (SISO) Nakagami- cases.


  • Information System
  • Monte Carlo Simulation
  • Spatial Diversity
  • System Application
  • Fading Channel


Authors’ Affiliations

School of Electronics and Information, Kyung Hee University, 1 Seocheon-dong, Giheung-gu, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do, 446-701, South Korea


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