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  • Research Article
  • Open Access

A Simplified Constant Modulus Algorithm for Blind Recovery of MIMO QAM and PSK Signals: A Criterion with Convergence Analysis

EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking20072007:090401

  • Received: 31 October 2006
  • Accepted: 3 September 2007
  • Published:


The problem of blind recovery of QAM and PSK signals for multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) communication systems is investigated. We propose a simplified version of the well-known constant modulus algorithm (CMA), named simplified CMA (SCMA). The SCMA cost function consists in projection of the MIMO equalizer outputs on one dimension (either real or imaginary part). A study of stationary points of SCMA reveals the absence of any undesirable local stationary points, which ensures a perfect recovery of all signals and a global convergence of the algorithm. Taking advantage of the phase ambiguity in the solution of the new cost function for QAM constellations, we propose a modified cross-correlation term. It is shown that the proposed algorithm presents a lower computational complexity compared to the constant modulus algorithm (CMA) without loss in performances. Some numerical simulations are provided to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm.


  • Cost Function
  • Imaginary Part
  • Computational Complexity
  • Stationary Point
  • Convergence Analysis


Authors’ Affiliations

IETR/SUPELEC, Campus de Rennes, Avenue de la Boulaie, CS 47601, Cesson-Sévigné, 35576, France


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© A. Ikhlef and D. Le Guennec. 2007

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.