Skip to main content
  • Research Article
  • Open access
  • Published:

Autonomous Power Control MAC Protocol for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks


Battery energy limitation has become a performance bottleneck for mobile ad hoc networks. IEEE 802.11 has been adopted as the current standard MAC protocol for ad hoc networks. However, it was developed without considering energy efficiency. To solve this problem, many modifications on IEEE 802.11 to incorporate power control have been proposed in the literature. The main idea of these power control schemes is to use a maximum possible power level for transmitting RTS/CTS and the lowest acceptable power for sending DATA/ACK. However, these schemes may degrade network throughput and reduce the overall energy efficiency of the network. This paper proposes autonomous power control MAC protocol (APCMP), which allows mobile nodes dynamically adjusting power level for transmitting DATA/ACK according to the distances between the transmitter and its neighbors. In addition, the power level for transmitting RTS/CTS is also adjustable according to the power level for DATA/ACK packets. In this paper, the performance of APCMP protocol is evaluated by simulation and is compared with that of other protocols.



  1. Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Working Group Charter,

  2. Chen B, Jamieson K, Balakrishnan H, Morris R: Span: an energy-efficient coordination algorithm for topology maintenance in ad hoc wireless networks. Proceedings of 7th Annual International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking (MOBICOM '01), July 2001, Rome, Italy 85–96.

    MATH  Google Scholar 

  3. Gomez J, Campbell AT, Naghshineh M, Bisdikian C: Conserving transmission power in wireless ad hoc networks. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Network Protocols (ICNP '01), November 2001, Riverside, Calif, USA 24–34.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Jung E-S, Vaidya NH: A power control MAC protocol for ad hoc networks. Proceedings of the 8th Annual International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking (MOBICOM '02), September 2002, Atlanta, Ga, USA 36–47.

    Google Scholar 

  5. The Network Simulator—NS-2, 2004,

  6. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, USA, IEEE 802.11 Draft Standard for Wireless LAN: Medium Access Control and Physical Layer Specification, draft p802.11d5.0 edition, July 1996

  7. Gupta P, Kumar PR: The capacity of wireless networks. IEEE Transactions on Information Theory 2000,46(2):388–404. 10.1109/18.825799

    Article  MathSciNet  MATH  Google Scholar 


  9. The CMU Monarch Project, The CMU Monarch Project's Wireless and Mobility Extensions to NS

  10. Bettstetter C, Resta G, Santi P: The node distribution of the random waypoint mobility model for wireless ad hoc networks. IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing 2003,2(3):257–269. 10.1109/TMC.2003.1233531

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Bettstetter C: Mobility modeling in wireless networks: categorization, smooth movement, and border effects. ACM Mobile Computing and Communications Review 2001,5(3):55–67. 10.1145/584051.584056

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Bettstetter C, Krause O: On border effects in modeling and simulation of wireless ad hoc networks. Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Mobile and Wireless Communication Networks (MWCN '01), August 2001, Recife, Brazil

  13. Grossglauser M, Tse DNC: Mobility increases the capacity of ad hoc wireless networks. IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking 2002,10(4):477–486. 10.1109/TNET.2002.801403

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Hsiao-Hwa Chen.

Rights and permissions

Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License ( ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Chen, HH., Fan, Z. & Li, J. Autonomous Power Control MAC Protocol for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks. J Wireless Com Network 2006, 036040 (2006).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • DOI: