Skip to main content


Burst Format Design for Optimum Joint Estimation of Doppler-Shift and Doppler-Rate in Packet Satellite Communications

  • 1330 Accesses

  • 1 Citations


This paper considers the problem of optimizing the burst format of packet transmission to perform enhanced-accuracy estimation of Doppler-shift and Doppler-rate of the carrier of the received signal, due to relative motion between the transmitter and the receiver. Two novel burst formats that minimize the Doppler-shift and the Doppler-rate Cramér-Rao bounds (CRB s) for the joint estimation of carrier phase/Doppler-shift and of the Doppler-rate are derived, and a data-aided (DA) estimation algorithm suitable for each optimal burst format is presented. Performance of the newly derived estimators is evaluated by analysis and by simulation, showing that such algorithms attain their relevant CRB s with very low complexity, so that they can be directly embedded into new-generation digital modems for satellite communications at low SNR.



  1. 1.

    Ali I, Al-Dhahir N, Hershey JE: Doppler characterization for LEO satellites. IEEE Transactions on Communications 1998,46(3):309-313. 10.1109/26.662636

  2. 2.

    Special Issue on communications in the intelligence transportation system IEEE Communications Magazine 1996., 34:

  3. 3.

    Morelli M, Mengali U: Feedforward frequency estimation for PSK: a tutorial review. European Transactions on Telecommunications 1998,9(2):103-116. 10.1002/ett.4460090203

  4. 4.

    Giannetti F, Luise M, Reggiannini R: Simple carrier frequency rate-of-change estimators. IEEE Transactions on Communications 1999,47(9):1310-1314. 10.1109/26.789666

  5. 5.

    Morelli M: Doppler-rate estimation for burst digital transmission. IEEE Transactions on Communications 2002,50(5):707-710. 10.1109/TCOMM.2002.1006551

  6. 6.

    Baggenstoss PM, Kay SM: On estimating the angle parameters of an exponential signal at high SNR. IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing 1991,39(5):1203-1205. 10.1109/78.80973

  7. 7.

    Abatzoglou TJ: Fast maximum likelihood joint estimation of frequency and frequency rate. IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems 1986,22(6):708-715.

  8. 8.

    Rappaport TS: Wireless Communications: Principles & Practice. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, USA; 1999.

  9. 9.

    Gansman JA, Krogmeier JV, Fitz MP: Single frequency estimation with non-uniform sampling. Proceedings of the 30th Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers, November 1996, Pacific Grove, Calif, USA 1: 399-403.

  10. 10.

    Lottici V, Luise M: Embedding carrier phase recovery into iterative decoding of turbo-coded linear modulations. IEEE Transactions on Communications 2004,52(4):661-669. 10.1109/TCOMM.2004.826353

  11. 11.

    Benedetto S, Garello R, Montorsi G, et al.: MHOMS: high-speed ACM modem for satellite applications. IEEE Wireless Communications 2005,12(2):66-77. 10.1109/MWC.2005.1421930

  12. 12.

    Rice F: Carrier-phase and frequency-estimation bounds for transmissions with embedded reference symbols. IEEE Transactions on Communications 2006,54(2):221-225.

  13. 13.

    Minn H, Xing S: An optimal training signal structure for frequency-offset estimation. IEEE Transactions on Communications 2005,53(2):343-355. 10.1109/TCOMM.2004.842007

  14. 14.

    Adriaensen A, Van Doninck A, Steinert W: MF-TDMA burst demodulatir design with pilot-symbol assisted frequency estimation. Proceedings of the 8th International Workshop on Signal Processing for Space Communications (SPSC '03), September 2003, Catania, Italy

  15. 15.

    Giugno L, Luise M: Carrier frequency and frequency rate-of-change estimators with preamble-postamble pilot symbol distribution. Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC '05), May 2005, Seoul, Korea 4: 2478-2482.

  16. 16.

    Zhuang A, Renfors M: Combined pilot aided and decision directed channel estimation for the RAKE receiver. Proceedings of the 52nd IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC '00), September 2000, Boston, Mass, USA 2: 710-713.

  17. 17.

    Mengali U, D'Andrea AN: Synchronization Techniques for Digital Receivers. Plenum Press, New York, NY, USA; 1997.

  18. 18.

    Gini F, Reggiannini R, Mengali U: The modified Cramér-Rao bound in vector parameter estimation. IEEE Transactions on Communications 1998,46(1):52-60. 10.1109/26.655403

  19. 19.

    Povey GRJ, Talvitie J: Doppler compensation and code acquisition techniques for LEO satellite mobile radio communications. Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Satellite Systems for Mobile Communications and Navigation, May 1996, London, UK 16-19.

  20. 20.

    Luise M, Reggiannini P: Carrier frequency recovery in all-digital modems for burst-mode transmissions. IEEE Transactions on Communications 1995,43(2–4):1169-1178.

  21. 21.

    Rife DC, Boorstyn RR: Single-tone parameter estimation from discrete-time observations. IEEE Transactions on Information Theory 1974,20(5):591-598. 10.1109/TIT.1974.1055282

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Luca Giugno.

Rights and permissions

Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Giugno, L., Zanier, F. & Luise, M. Burst Format Design for Optimum Joint Estimation of Doppler-Shift and Doppler-Rate in Packet Satellite Communications. J Wireless Com Network 2007, 029086 (2007) doi:10.1155/2007/29086

Download citation


  • Information System
  • Receive Signal
  • Estimation Algorithm
  • Relative Motion
  • System Application